Karate Terminology, Kanji and Translation

Karate Terms and Kanji
Romaji Kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
General Terms:
nihongo 日本語 にほんご  Japan true language Japanese [1] japanese language
kanji 漢字 かんじ  china character Chinese characters [2] chinese characters
budō 武道 ぶどう  warrior journey Martial arts [3] martial arts
bu たけ Military [4]
みち the way (of proper conduct, etc.); teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist) Road [5] way / path
jutsu じゅつ Art [6] art / technique
bushidō 武士道 ぶしみち  military samurai journey Bushido [7] samurai code of chivalry
karate 空手 からて  empty hand Empty-handed[8] karate
karate/ todei 唐手 とう  tang / china hand Tang hand [9] Karate
karateka 空手家  empty hand home Empty-handed home [10] karate student
shodan 初段 しょだん lowest grade; first grade The early part of[11] 1st Dan
ryū りゅう style of; method of; school Flow [12] school of, style of
keiko 稽古 けいこ practice; practise; training; study Practice [13] training
rei Ceremony [14] Bow
yōi 用意 Provided [15] Ready
reigi 礼儀 れいぎ manners; courtesy; etiquette Courtesy [16] etiquette
reishiki 礼式 れいしき etiquette; manners Etiquette [17] Etiquette
ki (1) spirit; mind; heart (2) nature; disposition (3) motivation; intention (4) mood; feelings (5) atmosphere; essence Air Energy,
kiai 気合い きあい scream; yell; fighting spirit Fighting spirit[18] Energy Shout
sahō 作法 さほう manners; etiquette; propriety Practice [19] manners; etiquette; propriety
seiretsu 正列 せい Regular Line Positive column[20] Line Up
kiritsu 起立 れつ Standing Stand up [21] Stand Up
nitten sōji 日展掃除 にってんきりつ Nitten cleaning[22] Floor Cleaning
zanshin 残心 ざんしん Leftover spirit Residual heart [23]
senshin 専心 せんしん undivided attention; concentration Dedication [24]
chikara ちから force; strength; might; vigour, energy Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 そんけい respect; esteem; reverence; honour; honor Respect [26]
zen ぜん (1) dhyana (profound meditation) (2) Zen (Buddhism) Zen [27]
samurai さむらい warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period); samurai Serve [28]
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
kata 形 / 型 かたち or かた form; shape; Form / type Form
bunkai 分解 ぶんかい disassembly; dismantling; analysis; Decomposition Disassembly
hajime 始め はじめ beginning; start Started [29] Start
yame 止め とめ Stop Stop [30] Stop
kihon 基本 きほん foundation; basis The basic [31] Basics
idō 移動 いどう movement Move [32] Moving
waza わざ Technique Technology [33] Technique
atemi 当て身 あてみ strike; blow Blow [34] Strike
nage 投げ なげ to throw Throw [35] Throw
ukemi 受け身 うけみ ukemi (the art of falling safely) Passive [36] Falling
shime 締め しめ judo choking (strangling) techniques Tighten [37] Choke
karami 絡み からみ to entangle; to entwine Tangle [38]
kuzure 崩れ くずれ crumbling; collapse; ruin Break [39] Break
katame 固め かため hardening; defense; defence; fortifying; pledge Hardening [40] Hardening
tsuki 突き つき a thrust; a pass; a lunge; a stab Thrust [41] Punch
ken こぶし fist Fist [42] Fist
Age tsuki 上げ突き あげつき rise Pick up [43] rising punch
Choku tsuki 直突き ちょくつき direct; simplicity; being straight Direct conflict ki[44] Straight punch
Gyaku tsuki 逆突き ぎゃくつき reverse Reverse thrust[45] punch with the rear arm
Kagi tsuki 鉤 突き かぎつき Hook Hook thrust [46] hook punch
Mawashi tsuki 回し突き まわしつき sumo wrestler’s loincloth Turn thrust [47] roundhouse punch
Morote tsuki 双手 突き そうしゅつき (1) (with) both hands (2) approvingly Hands suddenly ki [48] augmented punch using both hands
Oi tsuki 追い突き おいつき to pursue; to drive out; Thrust to follow[49] Lunge Punch
seiken tsuki 正拳 突き せいこぶし True Fist Is the fist suddenly ki [50] Correct Fist using first two knuckles
tate tsuki 縦突き たてつき 縦突き Vertical thrust[51] Upper Cut?
Ura tsuki 裏突き うら 裏突き Thrust back [52] upside-down fist punch into solar plexus area (short-range)
Yama tsuki 山突き やま Mountain two-level double punch (combination of ura-zuki and jodan oi zuki)
mikazuki 三日月 みかづき new moon; crescent moon Crescent moon[53] Crescent
keri 蹴り けり to kick Kick [54] Kick
uchi dozen Fight [55]
nukite 貫手 pierce hand Consistent hand[56] Finger Strike
harai / barai はらい pay; clear out; prune; banish; dispose of Payment [57] Downward Usually Gedan Barai, downwards block
tobi 飛び とび to jump; to leap; to spring; to bound; to hop Jump [58] Jump
teishō / shōtei 底掌 そこ bottom; sole the palm (of one’s hand) The end of the palm [59] Palm Heel
age 上げ てのひら rise Up [60] Rising
ten かわ (1) sky Day [61] Sky
chi てん Earth Ground [62]
hikite 引き手 ひきしゅ pull hand Pull [63] Pull hand back
kamae 構え かまえ posture (e.g. in martial arts) Stance [64] Posture
choku ただし Tadashi (s,g) Straight [65] Straight
kizami 刻み きざみ shredded tobacco; notch; nick Nick [66] Jab
hanmi 半身 はんしん half the body; half length Bust [67] Chest
jō, ue; kami うえ (1) above; up; over (2) top; Top Top
jōdan 上段 じょうだん upper tier Upper stage [68] Upper stage
chū なか center (centre); middle Middle Middle
chūdan 中段 ちゅうだん center The middle [69] The middle
ge した below; down; under Bottom Bottom
gedan 下段 げだん lower (horizontal) level Lower [70] Lower
jun / mae / oi じゅん order Order Order
omote ひょう Front Front Front
ushiro 後ろ うしろ back; behind; rear Back [71] Back
yoko よこ side-to-side Transverse [72] Side
soto そと outside Outside [73] Outside
uchi うち inside Within [74] Inside
naname 斜め ななめ diagonal Diagonal [75] Diagonal
tate たて Longways (Front to back) Longitudinal [76] Longitudinal
tameshiwari 試し割り ためしわり attempt split Assigned trial[77] brick breaking
makiwara 巻藁 マキワラ straw post for training karate punches Makiwara [78]
ayumi ashi 歩み足 History foot [79]
tsugi ashi 次足 Times enough[80]
okuri ashi 送り足 Foot feed [81]
suri ashi 摺り足 Sliding foot [82]
tai sabaki 体捌き Body Ba ki [83]
kōsa 正拳突き Is the fist suddenly ki [84]
kansetsu 縦突き Vertical thrust[51]
osaekomi 押さえ込み Osaekomi [85]
ura Back [86]
zanshin 残心 Residual heart[23]
senshin 専心 Dedication [24]
chikara Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 Respect [26]
zen Zen [27]
samurai Serve [28]
mubōbi 無防備 Defenseless [87]
hara ハラ abdomen; belly; stomach Abdomen [88]
sōke 宗家 ソウケ head of family; originator Head of family[89] Head of family
meijin 名人 メイジン master; expert Celebrity [90] Expert
shihan 師範 シハン instructor; (fencing) teacher; model Teacher [91] Master
sensei 先生 センセイ (1) teacher; master; Mr. [92] Teacher
senpai 先輩 センパイ senior; superior; older graduate; Senior [93] Senior
kōhai 後輩 コウハイ junior (at work or school) Junior [94] Junior
dōjō 道場 ドウジョウ (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training) Dojo [95] Training Hall
kimono 着物 キモノ (1) clothing; clothes Kimono [96] Clothing
obi オビ (1) obi (kimono sash) Band [97] Belt
hakama ハカマ man’s formal divided skirt Hakama [98]
kuniku 訓育 クンイク discipline Discipline [99]
dentou 伝統 デントウ tradition; convention Tradition [100]
dan 段位 ダンイ dan; grade (of black belt) Dan [101] Level
kyū キュウ class, grade, rank; school class, grade Class [102]
sho ハツ first; new Early [103] Begining
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
renmei 連盟 レンメイ league; federation; union; alliance Federation [104]
dantai 団体 ダンタイ organization; organisation; association Organization[105]
kuruma 车 技 クルマ (1) car; automobile; vehicle (2) wheel Driving skills[106] Circular Throw
mokusō 黙想 モクソウ meditation; silent contemplation Meditation [107] Silent contemplation
seiza 正座 セイザ kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles Sitting straight[108] Kneeling
tori to take; to catch (fish); to capture Catch [109]
uke 受[?] By [110]
kake 鉤[?] Hook [111]
kaiten 回転 / 廻転 カイテン rotation (usu. around something); revolution; turning Kaiten / rotation[112]
mawashi 回し まわし circumference; rotation; circulation Turn [113]
nagashi 流し マワリ Sink Sink [114]
Stances
tachi / ritsu Tatsu (s,g) Stand [115] Stance
neko 猫立 ネコタツ cat Cat legislation[116] Cat Stance
kōkutsu dachi 後屈立 コウたつ back bend After 屈立 [117] Back leaning stance
fudō dachi 不動立 ふどうたつ immobility; firmness; fixed; Standing steadfast [118] Unmoveable
Sanchin dachi 三戦立 3 battle stance Three Battles stance
Musubi dachi 結び立 ムスビ たつ ending \ conclusion stance Conclusion stand[119] Heels together, toes open at about 45 degrees. This stance is used to perform the formal respectful bow, rei (礼).
Heikō dachi 平行立 ヘイコウ たつ parallel stance Parallel legislation [120] parallel stance
Hachiji dachi 八字立 ハチ ジ たつ Eight Characters stand Eight Characters stand [121] The feet are at the shoulder width, toes open at about 45 degrees. natural stance, literally “stand like the character 八”
Heisoku dachi 閉足立 へいそくたつ Shut pair Stand 閉足 [122] Feet together. This is usually a transitional stance, although it is used as the ready stance in some kata.
Sagiashi dachi 鷺足立 さぎあしたつ Heron Foot stance Adachi heron[123] One leg stance
Zenkutsu dachi 前屈立 ぜんくつたつ Bend Forward Stance Reach legislation[124] Long Forward Stance
Han Zenkutsu dachi 半前屈立 はんぜんくつたつ Half Bend Forward Stance Half flexion legislation [125] Half Long Forward Stance
Shika dachi 四股 立 しこたつ four thigh Four shares stand [126] Sumo stance
Renoji-dachi レの字立 レの字立 L shape Standing character of Les[127] L shape stance
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kagi ナガシ Hook Hook [128]
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead [129]
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front [130]
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate [131] There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
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Body parts:
romaji kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
te / shu Hand [132]
ashi / soku 足 / 脚 Foot / feet [133]
kakato Heel [134]
kata Shoulder [135]
koshi Back [136]
hiza Knee [137]
empi / hiji Elbow [138]
ude Wrist [139]
nino ude 二の腕 Upper arm [140]
yubi Refers to [141]
ashi no yubi 足の指 Toe [142]
kubi First [143]
tekubi 手首 Wrist [144]
mune Chest [145]
kami Hair [146]
atama Head [147]
senaka 背中 Back [148]
tsume Claw [149]
nitōkin 二等筋 Second ribs [150]
mimi Ear [151]
me / gan 眼 / 目 Eyes / directory.[152]
Numbers:
ichi One A [153]
ni Two Two [154]
san Three Three [155]
shi / yon Four Four [156] The sound shi can also mean death, so yon is used when counting to 4, rather than 1,2,3,death
go Five Five [157]
roku Six Six [158]
shichi / nana Seven Seven [159]
hachi Eight Eight [160]
kū / kyū Nine Nine [161]
Ten Ten [162]
hyaku Hundred Hundred [163]
sen Thousand Footpath [164]
man Ten Thousand Wan [165]
Colours: Colours: [166]
Romaji Kanji English Google Translation
aka Red Red [167]
ao Blue Green [168]
shiro White White [169]
kuro Black Black [170]
midori Green Green [171]
chi, kō Yellow Yellow [172]
kasshoku 褐色 Brown Brown [173]
murasaki Purple Purple [174]
Competition Terms
shiai 試合 しあい Game [175] Contest
shihai 賜杯 しはい Emperor’s cup; trophy given by the Emperor Shihai [176] Prize
taikai 大会 たいかい convention; tournament; mass meeting; rally General Assembly [177] Gathering, convention
jiyū 自由 じゆう freedom; liberty; as it pleases you Free [178] Free
yakusoku 約束 やくそく arrangement; promise; pact; Promise [179] Pre-arranged
henka 変化 へんか change; variation; Change [180] Variation
kumite 組手 くみて Cooperate hand Kumite [181] Sparring
goshin 護身 ごしん Self protection Self-defense[182] Self Defense
shinsa 審査 しんさ judging; inspection; examination; investigation Examination[183]
idori 居取り Habitat to take ri[184]
shitei 指定 してい designation; specification; Specified [185]
tokui 得意 とくい (1) triumph; prosperity (2) pride Proud [186]
kachi 勝ち かち win; victory Win [187] Win
make 負け まけ defeat; loss; losing Defeat [188] Lose
hikiwake 引分け ひきわけ Only draw [189] Draw
encho-sen 延長戦 (1) extension; Overtime [190] Extra time
kiken 棄権 きけん (1) abstaining from voting Abstention [191]
shikkaku 失格 しっかく disqualification; elimination Disqualification[192] Disqualifiied
ippon 一本 一分 いっぽん (a) blow A [193] One Point
keikoku 警告 けいこく warning; advice Warning [194] Warning
chūkoku 忠告 ちゅうこく advice; warning Advice [195] Advice
hansoku 反則 foul play (sport) Foul [196] Foul
jōgai 場外 じょうがい outside the hall or stadium; Curb [197] Out of bounds
shushin 主審 シュシン chief umpire Chief referee[198] Chief Umpire
fukushin 副審 フクシン sub-umpire; sub-referee Assistant referee[199] Assistant Umpire
kansa 監査 カンサ inspection; audit; judgement; judgment Audit [200] Arbitrator
hantei 判定 ハンテイ judgement; judgment; decision; award; verdict; determination Determine [201] Decide (the outcome by vote)
ato shibaraku 後暫く ゴシバラク After a while[202]
moto no ichi 元の位置 モトノイチ The original position [203]
[1] 日本語 [2] 漢字 [3] 武道 [4] 武 [5] 道 [6] 術 [7] 武士道 [8] 空手 [9] 唐手 [10] 空手家 [11] 初段 [12] 流 [13] 稽古 [14] 礼 [15] 用意 [16] 礼儀 [17] 礼式 [18] 気合い [19] 作法 [20] 正列 [21] 起立 [22] 日展掃除 [23] 残心 [24] 専心 [25] 力 [26] 尊敬 [27] 禅 [28] 侍 [29] 始め [30] 止め [31] 基本 [32] 移動 [33] 技 [34] 当て身 [35] 投げ [36] 受け身 [37] 締め [38] 絡み [39] 崩れ [40] 固め [41] 突き [42] 拳 [43] 上げ突き [44] 直突き [45] 逆突き [46] 鉤 突き [47] 回し突き [48] 双手 突き [49] 追い突き [50] 正拳 突き [51] 縦突き [52] 裏突き [53] 三日月 [54] 蹴り [55] 打 [56] 貫手 [57] 払 [58] 飛び [59] 底掌 [60] 上げ [61] 天 [62] 地 [63] 引き手 [64] 構え [65] 直 [66] 刻み [67] 半身 [68] 上段 [69] 中段 [70] 下段 [71] 後ろ [72] 横 [73] 外 [74] 内 [75] 斜め [76] 縦 [77] 試し割り [78] 巻藁 [79] 歩み足 [80] 次足 [81] 送り足 [82] 摺り足 [83] 体捌き [84] 正拳突き [85] 押さえ込み [86] 裏 [87] 無防備 [88] 腹 [89] 宗家 [90] 名人 [91] 師範 [92] 先生 [93] 先輩 [94] 後輩 [95] 道場 [96] 着物 [97] 帯 [98] 袴 [99] 訓育 [100] 伝統 [101] 段位 [102] 級 [103] 初 [104] 連盟 [105] 団体 [106] 车 技 [107] 黙想 [108] 正座 [109] 捕 [110] 受 [111] 鉤 [112] 回転 / 廻転 [113] 回し [114] 流し [115] 立 [116] 猫立 [117] 後屈立 [118] 不動立 [119] 結び立 [120] 平行立 [121] 八字立 [122] 閉足立 [123] 鷺足立 [124] 前屈立 [125] 半前屈立 [126] 四股 立 [127] レの字立 [128] 鈎 [129] 先鋒 [130] 前方 [131] 空手に先手なし [132] 手 [133] 足 / 脚 [134] 踵 [135] 肩 [136] 腰 [137] 膝 [138] 肘 [139] 腕 [140] 二の腕 [141] 指 [142] 足の指 [143] 首 [144] 手首 [145] 胸 [146] 髪 [147] 頭 [148] 背中 [149] 爪 [150] 二等筋 [151] 耳 [152] 眼 / 目 [153] 一 [154] 二 [155] 三 [156] 四 [157] 五 [158] 六 [159] 七 [160] 八 [161] 九 [162] 十 [163] 百 [164] 阡 [165] 万 [166] Colours: [167] 赤 [168] 青 [169] 白 [170] 黒 [171] 緑 [172] 黄 [173] 褐色 [174] 紫 [175] 試合 [176] 賜杯 [177] 大会 [178] 自由 [179] 約束 [180] 変化 [181] 組手 [182] 護身 [183] 審査 [184] 居取り [185] 指定 [186] 得意 [187] 勝ち [188] 負け [189] 引分け [190] 延長戦 [191] 棄権 [192] 失格 [193] 一本 一分 [194] 警告 [195] 忠告 [196] 反則 [197] 場外 [198] 主審 [199] 副審 [200] 監査

Karate Terms and Kanji
Romaji Kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
General Terms:
nihongo 日本語 にほんご  Japan true language Japanese [1] japanese language
kanji 漢字 かんじ  china character Chinese characters [2] chinese characters
budō 武道 ぶどう  warrior journey Martial arts [3] martial arts
bu たけ Military [4]
みち the way (of proper conduct, etc.); teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist) Road [5] way / path
jutsu じゅつ Art [6] art / technique
bushidō 武士道 ぶしみち  military samurai journey Bushido [7] samurai code of chivalry
karate 空手 からて  empty hand Empty-handed[8] karate
karate/ todei 唐手 とう  tang / china hand Tang hand [9] Karate
karateka 空手家  empty hand home Empty-handed home [10] karate student
shodan 初段 しょだん lowest grade; first grade The early part of[11] 1st Dan
ryū りゅう style of; method of; school Flow [12] school of, style of
keiko 稽古 けいこ practice; practise; training; study Practice [13] training
rei Ceremony [14] Bow
yōi 用意 Provided [15] Ready
reigi 礼儀 れいぎ manners; courtesy; etiquette Courtesy [16] etiquette
reishiki 礼式 れいしき etiquette; manners Etiquette [17] Etiquette
ki (1) spirit; mind; heart (2) nature; disposition (3) motivation; intention (4) mood; feelings (5) atmosphere; essence Air Energy,
kiai 気合い きあい scream; yell; fighting spirit Fighting spirit[18] Energy Shout
sahō 作法 さほう manners; etiquette; propriety Practice [19] manners; etiquette; propriety
seiretsu 正列 せい Regular Line Positive column[20] Line Up
kiritsu 起立 れつ Standing Stand up [21] Stand Up
nitten sōji 日展掃除 にってんきりつ Nitten cleaning[22] Floor Cleaning
zanshin 残心 ざんしん Leftover spirit Residual heart [23]
senshin 専心 せんしん undivided attention; concentration Dedication [24]
chikara ちから force; strength; might; vigour, energy Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 そんけい respect; esteem; reverence; honour; honor Respect [26]
zen ぜん (1) dhyana (profound meditation) (2) Zen (Buddhism) Zen [27]
samurai さむらい warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period); samurai Serve [28]
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
kata 形 / 型 かたち or かた form; shape; Form / type Form
bunkai 分解 ぶんかい disassembly; dismantling; analysis; Decomposition Disassembly
hajime 始め はじめ beginning; start Started [29] Start
yame 止め とめ Stop Stop [30] Stop
kihon 基本 きほん foundation; basis The basic [31] Basics
idō 移動 いどう movement Move [32] Moving
waza わざ Technique Technology [33] Technique
atemi 当て身 あてみ strike; blow Blow [34] Strike
nage 投げ なげ to throw Throw [35] Throw
ukemi 受け身 うけみ ukemi (the art of falling safely) Passive [36] Falling
shime 締め しめ judo choking (strangling) techniques Tighten [37] Choke
karami 絡み からみ to entangle; to entwine Tangle [38]
kuzure 崩れ くずれ crumbling; collapse; ruin Break [39] Break
katame 固め かため hardening; defense; defence; fortifying; pledge Hardening [40] Hardening
tsuki 突き つき a thrust; a pass; a lunge; a stab Thrust [41] Punch
ken こぶし fist Fist [42] Fist
Age tsuki 上げ突き あげつき rise Pick up [43] rising punch
Choku tsuki 直突き ちょくつき direct; simplicity; being straight Direct conflict ki[44] Straight punch
Gyaku tsuki 逆突き ぎゃくつき reverse Reverse thrust[45] punch with the rear arm
Kagi tsuki 鉤 突き かぎつき Hook Hook thrust [46] hook punch
Mawashi tsuki 回し突き まわしつき sumo wrestler’s loincloth Turn thrust [47] roundhouse punch
Morote tsuki 双手 突き そうしゅつき (1) (with) both hands (2) approvingly Hands suddenly ki [48] augmented punch using both hands
Oi tsuki 追い突き おいつき to pursue; to drive out; Thrust to follow[49] Lunge Punch
seiken tsuki 正拳 突き せいこぶし True Fist Is the fist suddenly ki [50] Correct Fist using first two knuckles
tate tsuki 縦突き たてつき 縦突き Vertical thrust[51] Upper Cut?
Ura tsuki 裏突き うら 裏突き Thrust back [52] upside-down fist punch into solar plexus area (short-range)
Yama tsuki 山突き やま Mountain two-level double punch (combination of ura-zuki and jodan oi zuki)
mikazuki 三日月 みかづき new moon; crescent moon Crescent moon[53] Crescent
keri 蹴り けり to kick Kick [54] Kick
uchi dozen Fight [55]
nukite 貫手 pierce hand Consistent hand[56] Finger Strike
harai / barai はらい pay; clear out; prune; banish; dispose of Payment [57] Downward Usually Gedan Barai, downwards block
tobi 飛び とび to jump; to leap; to spring; to bound; to hop Jump [58] Jump
teishō / shōtei 底掌 そこ bottom; sole the palm (of one’s hand) The end of the palm [59] Palm Heel
age 上げ てのひら rise Up [60] Rising
ten かわ (1) sky Day [61] Sky
chi てん Earth Ground [62]
hikite 引き手 ひきしゅ pull hand Pull [63] Pull hand back
kamae 構え かまえ posture (e.g. in martial arts) Stance [64] Posture
choku ただし Tadashi (s,g) Straight [65] Straight
kizami 刻み きざみ shredded tobacco; notch; nick Nick [66] Jab
hanmi 半身 はんしん half the body; half length Bust [67] Chest
jō, ue; kami うえ (1) above; up; over (2) top; Top Top
jōdan 上段 じょうだん upper tier Upper stage [68] Upper stage
chū なか center (centre); middle Middle Middle
chūdan 中段 ちゅうだん center The middle [69] The middle
ge した below; down; under Bottom Bottom
gedan 下段 げだん lower (horizontal) level Lower [70] Lower
jun / mae / oi じゅん order Order Order
omote ひょう Front Front Front
ushiro 後ろ うしろ back; behind; rear Back [71] Back
yoko よこ side-to-side Transverse [72] Side
soto そと outside Outside [73] Outside
uchi うち inside Within [74] Inside
naname 斜め ななめ diagonal Diagonal [75] Diagonal
tate たて Longways (Front to back) Longitudinal [76] Longitudinal
tameshiwari 試し割り ためしわり attempt split Assigned trial[77] brick breaking
makiwara 巻藁 マキワラ straw post for training karate punches Makiwara [78]
ayumi ashi 歩み足 History foot [79]
tsugi ashi 次足 Times enough[80]
okuri ashi 送り足 Foot feed [81]
suri ashi 摺り足 Sliding foot [82]
tai sabaki 体捌き Body Ba ki [83]
kōsa 正拳突き Is the fist suddenly ki [84]
kansetsu 縦突き Vertical thrust[51]
osaekomi 押さえ込み Osaekomi [85]
ura Back [86]
zanshin 残心 Residual heart[23]
senshin 専心 Dedication [24]
chikara Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 Respect [26]
zen Zen [27]
samurai Serve [28]
mubōbi 無防備 Defenseless [87]
hara ハラ abdomen; belly; stomach Abdomen [88]
sōke 宗家 ソウケ head of family; originator Head of family[89] Head of family
meijin 名人 メイジン master; expert Celebrity [90] Expert
shihan 師範 シハン instructor; (fencing) teacher; model Teacher [91] Master
sensei 先生 センセイ (1) teacher; master; Mr. [92] Teacher
senpai 先輩 センパイ senior; superior; older graduate; Senior [93] Senior
kōhai 後輩 コウハイ junior (at work or school) Junior [94] Junior
dōjō 道場 ドウジョウ (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training) Dojo [95] Training Hall
kimono 着物 キモノ (1) clothing; clothes Kimono [96] Clothing
obi オビ (1) obi (kimono sash) Band [97] Belt
hakama ハカマ man’s formal divided skirt Hakama [98]
kuniku 訓育 クンイク discipline Discipline [99]
dentou 伝統 デントウ tradition; convention Tradition [100]
dan 段位 ダンイ dan; grade (of black belt) Dan [101] Level
kyū キュウ class, grade, rank; school class, grade Class [102]
sho ハツ first; new Early [103] Begining
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
renmei 連盟 レンメイ league; federation; union; alliance Federation [104]
dantai 団体 ダンタイ organization; organisation; association Organization[105]
kuruma 车 技 クルマ (1) car; automobile; vehicle (2) wheel Driving skills[106] Circular Throw
mokusō 黙想 モクソウ meditation; silent contemplation Meditation [107] Silent contemplation
seiza 正座 セイザ kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles Sitting straight[108] Kneeling
tori to take; to catch (fish); to capture Catch [109]
uke 受[?] By [110]
kake 鉤[?] Hook [111]
kaiten 回転 / 廻転 カイテン rotation (usu. around something); revolution; turning Kaiten / rotation[112]
mawashi 回し まわし circumference; rotation; circulation Turn [113]
nagashi 流し マワリ Sink Sink [114]
Stances
tachi / ritsu Tatsu (s,g) Stand [115] Stance
neko 猫立 ネコタツ cat Cat legislation[116] Cat Stance
kōkutsu dachi 後屈立 コウたつ back bend After 屈立 [117] Back leaning stance
fudō dachi 不動立 ふどうたつ immobility; firmness; fixed; Standing steadfast [118] Unmoveable
Sanchin dachi 三戦立 3 battle stance Three Battles stance
Musubi dachi 結び立 ムスビ たつ ending \ conclusion stance Conclusion stand[119] Heels together, toes open at about 45 degrees. This stance is used to perform the formal respectful bow, rei (礼).
Heikō dachi 平行立 ヘイコウ たつ parallel stance Parallel legislation [120] parallel stance
Hachiji dachi 八字立 ハチ ジ たつ Eight Characters stand Eight Characters stand [121] The feet are at the shoulder width, toes open at about 45 degrees. natural stance, literally “stand like the character 八”
Heisoku dachi 閉足立 へいそくたつ Shut pair Stand 閉足 [122] Feet together. This is usually a transitional stance, although it is used as the ready stance in some kata.
Sagiashi dachi 鷺足立 さぎあしたつ Heron Foot stance Adachi heron[123] One leg stance
Zenkutsu dachi 前屈立 ぜんくつたつ Bend Forward Stance Reach legislation[124] Long Forward Stance
Han Zenkutsu dachi 半前屈立 はんぜんくつたつ Half Bend Forward Stance Half flexion legislation [125] Half Long Forward Stance
Shika dachi 四股 立 しこたつ four thigh Four shares stand [126] Sumo stance
Renoji-dachi レの字立 レの字立 L shape Standing character of Les[127] L shape stance
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kagi ナガシ Hook Hook [128]
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead [129]
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front [130]
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate [131] There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
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Body parts:
romaji kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
te / shu Hand [132]
ashi / soku 足 / 脚 Foot / feet [133]
kakato Heel [134]
kata Shoulder [135]
koshi Back [136]
hiza Knee [137]
empi / hiji Elbow [138]
ude Wrist [139]
nino ude 二の腕 Upper arm [140]
yubi Refers to [141]
ashi no yubi 足の指 Toe [142]
kubi First [143]
tekubi 手首 Wrist [144]
mune Chest [145]
kami Hair [146]
atama Head [147]
senaka 背中 Back [148]
tsume Claw [149]
nitōkin 二等筋 Second ribs [150]
mimi Ear [151]
me / gan 眼 / 目 Eyes / directory.[152]
Numbers:
ichi One A [153]
ni Two Two [154]
san Three Three [155]
shi / yon Four Four [156] The sound shi can also mean death, so yon is used when counting to 4, rather than 1,2,3,death
go Five Five [157]
roku Six Six [158]
shichi / nana Seven Seven [159]
hachi Eight Eight [160]
kū / kyū Nine Nine [161]
Ten Ten [162]
hyaku Hundred Hundred [163]
sen Thousand Footpath [164]
man Ten Thousand Wan [165]
Colours: Colours: [166]
Romaji Kanji English Google Translation
aka Red Red [167]
ao Blue Green [168]
shiro White White [169]
kuro Black Black [170]
midori Green Green [171]
chi, kō Yellow Yellow [172]
kasshoku 褐色 Brown Brown [173]
murasaki Purple Purple [174]
Competition Terms
shiai 試合 しあい Game [175] Contest
shihai 賜杯 しはい Emperor’s cup; trophy given by the Emperor Shihai [176] Prize
taikai 大会 たいかい convention; tournament; mass meeting; rally General Assembly [177] Gathering, convention
jiyū 自由 じゆう freedom; liberty; as it pleases you Free [178] Free
yakusoku 約束 やくそく arrangement; promise; pact; Promise [179] Pre-arranged
henka 変化 へんか change; variation; Change [180] Variation
kumite 組手 くみて Cooperate hand Kumite [181] Sparring
goshin 護身 ごしん Self protection Self-defense[182] Self Defense
shinsa 審査 しんさ judging; inspection; examination; investigation Examination[183]
idori 居取り Habitat to take ri[184]
shitei 指定 してい designation; specification; Specified [185]
tokui 得意 とくい (1) triumph; prosperity (2) pride Proud [186]
kachi 勝ち かち win; victory Win [187] Win
make 負け まけ defeat; loss; losing Defeat [188] Lose
hikiwake 引分け ひきわけ Only draw [189] Draw
encho-sen 延長戦 (1) extension; Overtime [190] Extra time
kiken 棄権 きけん (1) abstaining from voting Abstention [191]
shikkaku 失格 しっかく disqualification; elimination Disqualification[192] Disqualifiied
ippon 一本 一分 いっぽん (a) blow A [193] One Point
keikoku 警告 けいこく warning; advice Warning [194] Warning
chūkoku 忠告 ちゅうこく advice; warning Advice [195] Advice
hansoku 反則 foul play (sport) Foul [196] Foul
jōgai 場外 じょうがい outside the hall or stadium; Curb [197] Out of bounds
shushin 主審 シュシン chief umpire Chief referee[198] Chief Umpire
fukushin 副審 フクシン sub-umpire; sub-referee Assistant referee[199] Assistant Umpire
kansa 監査 カンサ inspection; audit; judgement; judgment Audit [200] Arbitrator
hantei 判定 ハンテイ judgement; judgment; decision; award; verdict; determination Determine [201] Decide (the outcome by vote)
ato shibaraku 後暫く ゴシバラク After a while[202]
moto no ichi 元の位置 モトノイチ The original position [203]
[1] 日本語 [2] 漢字 [3] 武道 [4] 武 [5] 道 [6] 術 [7] 武士道 [8] 空手 [9] 唐手 [10] 空手家 [11] 初段 [12] 流 [13] 稽古 [14] 礼 [15] 用意 [16] 礼儀 [17] 礼式 [18] 気合い [19] 作法 [20] 正列 [21] 起立 [22] 日展掃除 [23] 残心 [24] 専心 [25] 力 [26] 尊敬 [27] 禅 [28] 侍 [29] 始め [30] 止め [31] 基本 [32] 移動 [33] 技 [34] 当て身 [35] 投げ [36] 受け身 [37] 締め [38] 絡み [39] 崩れ [40] 固め [41] 突き [42] 拳 [43] 上げ突き [44] 直突き [45] 逆突き [46] 鉤 突き [47] 回し突き [48] 双手 突き [49] 追い突き [50] 正拳 突き [51] 縦突き [52] 裏突き [53] 三日月 [54] 蹴り [55] 打 [56] 貫手 [57] 払 [58] 飛び [59] 底掌 [60] 上げ [61] 天 [62] 地 [63] 引き手 [64] 構え [65] 直 [66] 刻み [67] 半身 [68] 上段 [69] 中段 [70] 下段 [71] 後ろ [72] 横 [73] 外 [74] 内 [75] 斜め [76] 縦 [77] 試し割り [78] 巻藁 [79] 歩み足 [80] 次足 [81] 送り足 [82] 摺り足 [83] 体捌き [84] 正拳突き [85] 押さえ込み [86] 裏 [87] 無防備 [88] 腹 [89] 宗家 [90] 名人 [91] 師範 [92] 先生 [93] 先輩 [94] 後輩 [95] 道場 [96] 着物 [97] 帯 [98] 袴 [99] 訓育 [100] 伝統 [101] 段位 [102] 級 [103] 初 [104] 連盟 [105] 団体 [106] 车 技 [107] 黙想 [108] 正座 [109] 捕 [110] 受 [111] 鉤 [112] 回転 / 廻転 [113] 回し [114] 流し [115] 立 [116] 猫立 [117] 後屈立 [118] 不動立 [119] 結び立 [120] 平行立 [121] 八字立 [122] 閉足立 [123] 鷺足立 [124] 前屈立 [125] 半前屈立 [126] 四股 立 [127] レの字立 [128] 鈎 [129] 先鋒 [130] 前方 [131] 空手に先手なし [132] 手 [133] 足 / 脚 [134] 踵 [135] 肩 [136] 腰 [137] 膝 [138] 肘 [139] 腕 [140] 二の腕 [141] 指 [142] 足の指 [143] 首 [144] 手首 [145] 胸 [146] 髪 [147] 頭 [148] 背中 [149] 爪 [150] 二等筋 [151] 耳 [152] 眼 / 目 [153] 一 [154] 二 [155] 三 [156] 四 [157] 五 [158] 六 [159] 七 [160] 八 [161] 九 [162] 十 [163] 百 [164] 阡 [165] 万 [166] Colours: [167] 赤 [168] 青 [169] 白 [170] 黒 [171] 緑 [172] 黄 [173] 褐色 [174] 紫 [175] 試合 [176] 賜杯 [177] 大会 [178] 自由 [179] 約束 [180] 変化 [181] 組手 [182] 護身 [183] 審査 [184] 居取り [185] 指定 [186] 得意 [187] 勝ち [188] 負け [189] 引分け [190] 延長戦 [191] 棄権 [192] 失格 [193] 一本 一分 [194] 警告 [195] 忠告 [196] 反則 [197] 場外 [198] 主審 [199] 副審 [200] 監査 [201] 判定 [202] 後暫く [203] 元の位置

Karate Terms and Kanji
Romaji Kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
General Terms:
nihongo 日本語 にほんご  Japan true language Japanese [1] japanese language
kanji 漢字 かんじ  china character Chinese characters [2] chinese characters
budō 武道 ぶどう  warrior journey Martial arts [3] martial arts
bu たけ Military [4]
みち the way (of proper conduct, etc.); teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist) Road [5] way / path
jutsu じゅつ Art [6] art / technique
bushidō 武士道 ぶしみち  military samurai journey Bushido [7] samurai code of chivalry
karate 空手 からて  empty hand Empty-handed [8] karate
karate/ todei 唐手 とう  tang / china hand Tang hand [9] Karate
karateka 空手家  empty hand home Empty-handed home [10] karate student
shodan 初段 しょだん lowest grade; first grade The early part of[11] 1st Dan
ryū りゅう style of; method of; school Flow [12] school of, style of
keiko 稽古 けいこ practice; practise; training; study Practice [13] training
rei Ceremony [14] Bow
yōi 用意 Provided [15] Ready
reigi 礼儀 れいぎ manners; courtesy; etiquette Courtesy [16] etiquette
reishiki 礼式 れいしき etiquette; manners Etiquette [17] Etiquette
ki (1) spirit; mind; heart (2) nature; disposition (3) motivation; intention (4) mood; feelings (5) atmosphere; essence Air Energy,
kiai 気合い きあい scream; yell; fighting spirit Fighting spirit[18] Energy Shout
sahō 作法 さほう manners; etiquette; propriety Practice [19] manners; etiquette; propriety
seiretsu 正列 せい Regular Line Positive column[20] Line Up
kiritsu 起立 れつ Standing Stand up [21] Stand Up
nitten sōji 日展掃除 にってんきりつ Nitten cleaning[22] Floor Cleaning
zanshin 残心 ざんしん Leftover spirit Residual heart [23]
senshin 専心 せんしん undivided attention; concentration Dedication [24]
chikara ちから force; strength; might; vigour, energy Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 そんけい respect; esteem; reverence; honour; honor Respect [26]
zen ぜん (1) dhyana (profound meditation) (2) Zen (Buddhism) Zen [27]
samurai さむらい warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period); samurai Serve [28]
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
kata 形 / 型 かたち or かた form; shape; Form / type Form
bunkai 分解 ぶんかい disassembly; dismantling; analysis; Decomposition Disassembly
hajime 始め はじめ beginning; start Started [29] Start
yame 止め とめ Stop Stop [30] Stop
kihon 基本 きほん foundation; basis The basic [31] Basics
idō 移動 いどう movement Move [32] Moving
waza わざ Technique Technology [33] Technique
atemi 当て身 あてみ strike; blow Blow [34] Strike
nage 投げ なげ to throw Throw [35] Throw
ukemi 受け身 うけみ ukemi (the art of falling safely) Passive [36] Falling
shime 締め しめ judo choking (strangling) techniques Tighten [37] Choke
karami 絡み からみ to entangle; to entwine Tangle [38]
kuzure 崩れ くずれ crumbling; collapse; ruin Break [39] Break
katame 固め かため hardening; defense; defence; fortifying; pledge Hardening [40] Hardening
tsuki 突き つき a thrust; a pass; a lunge; a stab Thrust [41] Punch
ken こぶし fist Fist [42] Fist
Age tsuki 上げ突き あげつき rise Pick up [43] rising punch
Choku tsuki 直突き ちょくつき direct; simplicity; being straight Direct conflict ki[44] Straight punch
Gyaku tsuki 逆突き ぎゃくつき reverse Reverse thrust[45] punch with the rear arm
Kagi tsuki 鉤 突き かぎつき Hook Hook thrust [46] hook punch
Mawashi tsuki 回し突き まわしつき sumo wrestler’s loincloth Turn thrust [47] roundhouse punch
Morote tsuki 双手 突き そうしゅつき (1) (with) both hands (2) approvingly Hands suddenly ki [48] augmented punch using both hands
Oi tsuki 追い突き おいつき to pursue; to drive out; Thrust to follow[49] Lunge Punch
seiken tsuki 正拳 突き せいこぶし True Fist Is the fist suddenly ki [50] Correct Fist using first two knuckles
tate tsuki 縦突き たてつき 縦突き Vertical thrust[51] Upper Cut?
Ura tsuki 裏突き うら 裏突き Thrust back [52] upside-down fist punch into solar plexus area (short-range)
Yama tsuki 山突き やま Mountain two-level double punch (combination of ura-zuki and jodan oi zuki)
mikazuki 三日月 みかづき new moon; crescent moon Crescent moon[53] Crescent
keri 蹴り けり to kick Kick [54] Kick
uchi dozen Fight [55]
nukite 貫手 pierce hand Consistent hand[56] Finger Strike
harai / barai はらい pay; clear out; prune; banish; dispose of Payment [57] Downward Usually Gedan Barai, downwards block
tobi 飛び とび to jump; to leap; to spring; to bound; to hop Jump [58] Jump
teishō / shōtei 底掌 そこ bottom; sole the palm (of one’s hand) The end of the palm [59] Palm Heel
age 上げ てのひら rise Up [60] Rising
ten かわ (1) sky Day [61] Sky
chi てん Earth Ground [62]
hikite 引き手 ひきしゅ pull hand Pull [63] Pull hand back
kamae 構え かまえ posture (e.g. in martial arts) Stance [64] Posture
choku ただし Tadashi (s,g) Straight [65] Straight
kizami 刻み きざみ shredded tobacco; notch; nick Nick [66] Jab
hanmi 半身 はんしん half the body; half length Bust [67] Chest
jō, ue; kami うえ (1) above; up; over (2) top; Top Top
jōdan 上段 じょうだん upper tier Upper stage [68] Upper stage
chū なか center (centre); middle Middle Middle
chūdan 中段 ちゅうだん center The middle [69] The middle
ge した below; down; under Bottom Bottom
gedan 下段 げだん lower (horizontal) level Lower [70] Lower
jun / mae / oi じゅん order Order Order
omote ひょう Front Front Front
ushiro 後ろ うしろ back; behind; rear Back [71] Back
yoko よこ side-to-side Transverse [72] Side
soto そと outside Outside [73] Outside
uchi うち inside Within [74] Inside
naname 斜め ななめ diagonal Diagonal [75] Diagonal
tate たて Longways (Front to back) Longitudinal [76] Longitudinal
tameshiwari 試し割り ためしわり attempt split Assigned trial[77] brick breaking
makiwara 巻藁 マキワラ straw post for training karate punches Makiwara [78]
ayumi ashi 歩み足 History foot [79]
tsugi ashi 次足 Times enough[80]
okuri ashi 送り足 Foot feed [81]
suri ashi 摺り足 Sliding foot [82]
tai sabaki 体捌き Body Ba ki [83]
kōsa 正拳突き Is the fist suddenly ki [84]
kansetsu 縦突き Vertical thrust[51]
osaekomi 押さえ込み Osaekomi [85]
ura Back [86]
zanshin 残心 Residual heart[23]
senshin 専心 Dedication [24]
chikara Force [25]
sonkei 尊敬 Respect [26]
zen Zen [27]
samurai Serve [28]
mubōbi 無防備 Defenseless [87]
hara ハラ abdomen; belly; stomach Abdomen [88]
sōke 宗家 ソウケ head of family; originator Head of family[89] Head of family
meijin 名人 メイジン master; expert Celebrity [90] Expert
shihan 師範 シハン instructor; (fencing) teacher; model Teacher [91] Master
sensei 先生 センセイ (1) teacher; master; Mr. [92] Teacher
senpai 先輩 センパイ senior; superior; older graduate; Senior [93] Senior
kōhai 後輩 コウハイ junior (at work or school) Junior [94] Junior
dōjō 道場 ドウジョウ (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training) Dojo [95] Training Hall
kimono 着物 キモノ (1) clothing; clothes Kimono [96] Clothing
obi オビ (1) obi (kimono sash) Band [97] Belt
hakama ハカマ man’s formal divided skirt Hakama [98]
kuniku 訓育 クンイク discipline Discipline [99]
dentou 伝統 デントウ tradition; convention Tradition [100]
dan 段位 ダンイ dan; grade (of black belt) Dan [101] Level
kyū キュウ class, grade, rank; school class, grade Class [102]
sho ハツ first; new Early [103] Begining
kagi ナガシ Hook Hook
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
renmei 連盟 レンメイ league; federation; union; alliance Federation [104]
dantai 団体 ダンタイ organization; organisation; association Organization[105]
kuruma 车 技 クルマ (1) car; automobile; vehicle (2) wheel Driving skills[106] Circular Throw
mokusō 黙想 モクソウ meditation; silent contemplation Meditation [107] Silent contemplation
seiza 正座 セイザ kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles Sitting straight[108] Kneeling
tori to take; to catch (fish); to capture Catch [109]
uke 受[?] By [110]
kake 鉤[?] Hook [111]
kaiten 回転 / 廻転 カイテン rotation (usu. around something); revolution; turning Kaiten / rotation[112]
mawashi 回し まわし circumference; rotation; circulation Turn [113]
nagashi 流し マワリ Sink Sink [114]
Stances
tachi / ritsu Tatsu (s,g) Stand [115] Stance
neko 猫立 ネコタツ cat Cat legislation[116] Cat Stance
kōkutsu dachi 後屈立 コウたつ back bend After 屈立 [117] Back leaning stance
fudō dachi 不動立 ふどうたつ immobility; firmness; fixed; Standing steadfast [118] Unmoveable
Sanchin dachi 三戦立 3 battle stance Three Battles stance
Musubi dachi 結び立 ムスビ たつ ending \ conclusion stance Conclusion stand[119] Heels together, toes open at about 45 degrees. This stance is used to perform the formal respectful bow, rei (礼).
Heikō dachi 平行立 ヘイコウ たつ parallel stance Parallel legislation [120] parallel stance
Hachiji dachi 八字立 ハチ ジ たつ Eight Characters stand Eight Characters stand [121] The feet are at the shoulder width, toes open at about 45 degrees. natural stance, literally “stand like the character 八”
Heisoku dachi 閉足立 へいそくたつ Shut pair Stand 閉足 [122] Feet together. This is usually a transitional stance, although it is used as the ready stance in some kata.
Sagiashi dachi 鷺足立 さぎあしたつ Heron Foot stance Adachi heron[123] One leg stance
Zenkutsu dachi 前屈立 ぜんくつたつ Bend Forward Stance Reach legislation[124] Long Forward Stance
Han Zenkutsu dachi 半前屈立 はんぜんくつたつ Half Bend Forward Stance Half flexion legislation [125] Half Long Forward Stance
Shika dachi 四股 立 しこたつ four thigh Four shares stand [126] Sumo stance
Renoji-dachi レの字立 レの字立 L shape Standing character of Les[127] L shape stance
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kagi ナガシ Hook Hook [128]
senpō 先鋒 センポウ advance guard Spearhead [129]
zenpō 前方 ゼンポウ forward; frontward The front [130]
karate ni sente nashi 空手に先手なし カラテニセンテナシ karate location first move without No initiative in karate [131] There are many interpretations of this. I’d recommend you ask several native Japanese speakers their opinion! Reading google translations will drive you crazy!!
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Body parts:
romaji kanji Hiragana JDIC Translation Google Translation English
te / shu Hand [132]
ashi / soku 足 / 脚 Foot / feet [133]
kakato Heel [134]
kata Shoulder [135]
koshi Back [136]
hiza Knee [137]
empi / hiji Elbow [138]
ude Wrist [139]
nino ude 二の腕 Upper arm [140]
yubi Refers to [141]
ashi no yubi 足の指 Toe [142]
kubi First [143]
tekubi 手首 Wrist [144]
mune Chest [145]
kami Hair [146]
atama Head [147]
senaka 背中 Back [148]
tsume Claw [149]
nitōkin 二等筋 Second ribs[150]
mimi Ear [151]
me / gan 眼 / 目 Eyes / directory.[152]
Numbers:
ichi One A [153]
ni Two Two [154]
san Three Three [155]
shi / yon Four Four [156] The sound shi can also mean death, so yon is used when counting to 4, rather than 1,2,3,death
go Five Five [157]
roku Six Six [158]
shichi / nana Seven Seven [159]
hachi Eight Eight [160]
kū / kyū Nine Nine [161]
Ten Ten [162]
hyaku Hundred Hundred [163]
sen Thousand Footpath [164]
man Ten Thousand Wan [165]
Colours: Colours: [166]
Romaji Kanji English Google Translation
aka Red Red [167]
ao Blue Green [168]
shiro White White [169]
kuro Black Black [170]
midori Green Green [171]
chi, kō Yellow Yellow [172]
kasshoku 褐色 Brown Brown [173]
murasaki Purple Purple [174]
Competition Terms
shiai 試合 しあい Game [175] Contest
shihai 賜杯 しはい Emperor’s cup; trophy given by the Emperor Shihai [176] Prize
taikai 大会 たいかい convention; tournament; mass meeting; rally General Assembly [177] Gathering, convention
jiyū 自由 じゆう freedom; liberty; as it pleases you Free [178] Free
yakusoku 約束 やくそく arrangement; promise; pact; Promise [179] Pre-arranged
henka 変化 へんか change; variation; Change [180] Variation
kumite 組手 くみて Cooperate hand Kumite [181] Sparring
goshin 護身 ごしん Self protection Self-defense[182] Self Defense
shinsa 審査 しんさ judging; inspection; examination; investigation Examination[183]
idori 居取り Habitat to take ri[184]
shitei 指定 してい designation; specification; Specified [185]
tokui 得意 とくい (1) triumph; prosperity (2) pride Proud [186]
kachi 勝ち かち win; victory Win [187] Win
make 負け まけ defeat; loss; losing Defeat [188] Lose
hikiwake 引分け ひきわけ Only draw [189] Draw
encho-sen 延長戦 (1) extension; Overtime [190] Extra time
kiken 棄権 きけん (1) abstaining from voting Abstention [191]
shikkaku 失格 しっかく disqualification; elimination Disqualification[192] Disqualifiied
ippon 一本 一分 いっぽん (a) blow A [193] One Point
keikoku 警告 けいこく warning; advice Warning [194] Warning
chūkoku 忠告 ちゅうこく advice; warning Advice [195] Advice
hansoku 反則 foul play (sport) Foul [196] Foul
jōgai 場外 じょうがい outside the hall or stadium; Curb [197] Out of bounds
shushin 主審 シュシン chief umpire Chief referee[198] Chief Umpire
fukushin 副審 フクシン sub-umpire; sub-referee Assistant referee[199] Assistant Umpire
kansa 監査 カンサ inspection; audit; judgement; judgment Audit [200] Arbitrator
hantei 判定 ハンテイ judgement; judgment; decision; award; verdict; determination Determine [201] Decide (the outcome by vote)
ato shibaraku 後暫く ゴシバラク After a while[202]
moto no ichi 元の位置 モトノイチ The original position [203]
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[201] 判定 [202] 後暫く [203] 元の位置